How Many Rakats is Jummah Prayer: A Guide to Performing the Friday Congregational Prayer

The Jummah prayer, also known as the Friday congregational prayer, holds great significance in the lives of Muslims all over the world. It is a mandatory prayer for adult males, and it serves as a pivotal moment in the weekly rhythm of worship. But how many Rakats, or units of prayer, should one perform during this important prayer? This guide aims to shed light on this question, providing clarity and understanding to those seeking to fulfill their religious duties. Whether you are a regular attendee or a newcomer to the Jummah prayer, this article will serve as a useful resource to help you navigate its rituals with ease and confidence.

In Islamic tradition, the Jummah prayer is an obligatory prayer that is performed on Fridays. It is considered a collective act of worship that signifies the unity and strength of the Muslim community. However, the number of Rakats that constitute the Jummah prayer may vary depending on different interpretations and scholarly opinions. To ensure that you perform this prayer correctly, it is important to have a clear understanding of the various viewpoints and to follow the guidelines provided by the mosque or the religious authority you follow. This article aims to explore the different perspectives surrounding the number of Rakats in the Jummah prayer, providing you with a comprehensive guide to performing this essential act of devotion.

Understanding the concept of Rakats

A. What are Rakats?

Rakats are a fundamental aspect of Islamic prayer, known as Salah or Salat. They refer to the sequence of physical movements and recitations performed during prayer. Each rakat consists of specific movements, including bowing (rak’at), prostration (sujud), and reciting verses from the Quran. The number of rakats may vary depending on the type of prayer being performed.

B. Different types of Rakats in Islamic prayers

In Islamic prayers, there are different types of rakats, each serving a specific purpose. The two main categories of rakats are Fard and Sunnah. Fard rakats are obligatory and must be performed by every practicing Muslim. On the other hand, Sunnah rakats are recommended and hold great spiritual significance. These rakats are performed voluntarily to gain extra blessings and closeness to Allah.

C. Purpose of Rakats in Jummah prayer

In Jummah prayer, rakats play a significant role in the overall prayer. The purpose of rakats in Jummah prayer is to create a spiritual connection with Allah and engage in a collective act of worship. The specific rakats performed during Jummah prayer help to fulfill the obligations and requirements of the congregational prayer. By following the prescribed number of rakats, Muslims ensure that they are fulfilling their duties and obligations towards Allah during this important weekly prayer.

During Jummah prayer, there are three specific components: the pre-prayer preparations, the Khutbah (sermon) before the prayer, and the congregational prayer itself. Each of these components has a different number of rakats associated with it, and they are performed in a specific sequence.

Understanding the concept of rakats in Jummah prayer is vital for Muslims to ensure they are performing the prayer correctly and in accordance with the teachings of Islam. By familiarizing themselves with the different types of rakats and their significance, Muslims can achieve a deeper sense of spirituality and connection with Allah during Jummah prayer. It is through the proper performance of rakats that the true essence and blessings of Jummah prayer can be realized.

The components of Jummah prayer

A. Pre-prayer preparations

Before performing Jummah prayer, it is essential to make necessary preparations. This includes performing ablution (wudu), cleansing oneself spiritually through repentance and seeking forgiveness, and wearing clean and modest clothing. Muslims are encouraged to be in a state of tranquility and focus before attending the congregational prayer.

B. Khutbah (Sermon) before the prayer

One of the distinctive features of Jummah prayer is the Khutbah or sermon that takes place before the congregational prayer. The Khutbah consists of two parts, delivered by the imam (prayer leader). It is a time for the imam to address various topics, including religious guidance, reminders, and teachings from the Quran and the Sunnah (practices of Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him). The purpose of the Khutbah is to educate and inspire the congregation, fostering unity and spiritual growth within the community.

C. Congregational prayer itself

The core component of Jummah prayer is the congregational prayer. Muslims gather in the mosque, or a designated prayer area, and establish a specific number of Rakats together. The prayer is led by the imam, and the congregation follows his lead in the different postures and recitations of the prayer.

Jummah prayer consists of a total of four Rakats. The first two Rakats are performed silently, while the imam recites specific verses from the Quran after the opening Allahu Akbar (Takbeer). After the completion of these two Rakats, the imam will sit down briefly and then stand up again to lead the remaining two Rakats, reciting specific verses after the opening Takbeer. After the prayer, there is usually a short supplication made by the imam on behalf of the entire congregation.

It is important to note that the Jummah prayer is obligatory for adult Muslim men and highly recommended for women. However, women have the choice to attend or not based on their individual circumstances and obligations.

In conclusion, Jummah prayer is a significant congregational prayer in Islam that brings Muslims together every Friday. It consists of pre-prayer preparations, a Khutbah (sermon) before the prayer, and the congregational prayer itself. Understanding the components and properly performing Jummah prayer is an important aspect of the faith for Muslims. It is a time to seek spiritual rejuvenation, receive guidance, and strengthen the bond of the community. By participating in Jummah prayer, Muslims not only fulfill a religious obligation, but also gain numerous spiritual rewards and blessings.

Rakats in the pre-Khutbah component

Number of Rakats before the sermon

One of the key components of Jummah prayer is the pre-Khutbah component, which includes a specific number of Rakats to be performed before the sermon. In this phase, there are a total of 4 Rakats to be offered.

How to perform the Rakats in this phase

The 4 Rakats in the pre-Khutbah component are performed in sets of 2 Rakats each. After the congregation gathers for Jummah prayer, the Imam leads the first set of 2 Rakats, followed by a short rest period known as a Musafir break. During this break, the Imam sits briefly to allow those who have arrived late to catch up and join the prayer. After the Musafir break, the Imam leads the second set of 2 Rakats.

It is important to note that during this phase, the Rakats are performed silently, with the movements and positions similar to those in other Islamic prayers. However, there is no audible recitation from the Imam or the congregation as the focus is on silent devotion and preparation for the upcoming Khutbah.

It is recommended for the congregation to follow the movements and positions of the Imam closely during the pre-Khutbah Rakats. This allows for a unified prayer experience and ensures that the ritual is performed correctly.

It is also worth mentioning that in some Islamic traditions, there might be slight variations in the number of Rakats performed in the pre-Khutbah component. However, the most common practice is the 4 Rakats as described above.

By performing the prescribed number of Rakats in the pre-Khutbah component, Muslims fulfill an essential part of the Jummah prayer. This phase serves as a spiritual preparation for the sermon to follow and enhances the overall experience of congregational prayer.

In the next section, we will explore the Rakats during the Khutbah and the rules and guidelines associated with prayer during this important sermon.

The Rakats during the Khutbah

Is there a specific number of Rakats during the Khutbah?

In the Khutbah component of the Jummah prayer, there are no specific Rakats to be performed. Unlike the pre-Khutbah component where a specific number of Rakats are prescribed, the Khutbah itself does not involve any Rakats. The Khutbah is a sermon delivered by the imam, and it consists of two parts with a brief pause in between. It is an important aspect of the Jummah prayer as it serves to educate, guide, and inspire the congregation.

Rules and guidelines for prayer during Khutbah

During the Khutbah, the congregants are required to remain silent and listen attentively to the imam’s sermon. They should avoid engaging in any form of prayer or worship, including performing voluntary Rakats. The purpose of the Khutbah is to acquire knowledge and spiritual enlightenment through listening and reflecting upon the sermons delivered. It is a time for the congregation to focus on understanding the message being conveyed and to benefit from the religious guidance provided by the imam.

It is important to note that performing Rakats during the Khutbah is discouraged and not in accordance with the established teachings and practices of the Jummah prayer. Distractions and disruptions during the Khutbah can hinder the overall spiritual experience and diminish the benefits derived from attending Friday congregational prayers.

Instead of engaging in prayer during the Khutbah, worshippers are encouraged to engage in quiet reflection, supplication, and seeking forgiveness from Allah. It is a time for introspection, seeking guidance, and offering sincere prayers for oneself and the whole Muslim community. By respecting the sanctity of the Khutbah, congregants can fully benefit from the wisdom and knowledge shared by the imam, thereby enriching their spiritual journey.

In conclusion, the Khutbah component of the Jummah prayer does not involve any Rakats. During this important sermon, worshippers are expected to remain silent and attentive, listening to the imam’s guidance and reflecting upon the messages shared. By adhering to these rules and guidelines, individuals can fully immerse themselves in the spiritual experience of the Jummah prayer and derive maximum benefit from this blessed congregation.

The Number of Rakats in the Post-Khutbah Component

In the previous sections, we have discussed the importance of Jummah prayer in Islam, the concept of Rakats, and the components of Jummah prayer. Now, let’s delve into the number of Rakats in the post-Khutbah component of the Jummah prayer.

Number of Rakats after the sermon

After the Khutbah (sermon) is completed, the congregational prayer begins. Unlike the pre-Khutbah component, the post-Khutbah component has a fixed number of Rakats.

In the Hanafi school of thought, which is followed by the majority of Muslims, the post-Khutbah prayer consists of two Rakats. These two Rakats are referred to as the Fard Rakats of Jummah prayer.

Recommended actions and supplications during this phase

During the post-Khutbah component, it is recommended to perform the two Fard Rakats with full concentration and devotion. It is advised to stand silently, recite the opening supplication (Takbir), and recite Surah Al-Fatiha followed by another Surah or a few verses from the Quran.

After completing the two Rakats, it is recommended to stay seated and engage in supplications and remembrance of Allah. This is a time to seek forgiveness, ask for blessings, and offer prayers for oneself, the Muslim community, and the entire ummah.

Additionally, it is encouraged to listen attentively to the sermon (Khutbah) and take lessons from the religious teachings imparted by the imam. This not only enhances the spiritual experience but also strengthens the individual’s understanding of Islam.

It is important to note that the post-Khutbah component should not be rushed or neglected. It is a valuable opportunity for reflection, introspection, and connection with Allah.


The post-Khutbah component of the Jummah prayer consists of two Fard Rakats. These Rakats hold significance in the overall Jummah prayer, and it is essential to perform them with reverence and attentiveness. Engaging in supplications and taking lessons from the sermon further enriches the spiritual experience. As Muslims, it is crucial to understand the correct practices and teachings related to Jummah prayer to establish a strong connection with Allah and reap the numerous blessings associated with this congregational prayer.

In the next section, we will explore the concept of Sunnah Rakats in Jummah prayer, their significance, and the recommended number for this particular prayer.

Sunnah Rakats in Jummah prayer

A. What are Sunnah Rakats?

Sunnah Rakats are additional voluntary prayers that are recommended to be performed before or after the obligatory prayers. They are not obligatory but highly encouraged as they serve as a way to earn additional rewards and strengthen one’s connection with Allah. These Sunnah Rakats can be performed individually at any time, including before or after the Friday congregational prayer.

B. Recommended number of Sunnah Rakats for Jummah prayer

Regarding Jummah prayer, it is recommended to perform four Sunnah Rakats before the obligatory Jummah prayer. These four Rakats are performed in sets of two. The Sunnah Rakats are preferably prayed in a separate location from where the congregational prayer is held.

Performing these Sunnah Rakats is highly encouraged and holds great significance. The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) was reported to have consistently performed these Sunnah Rakats before the Jummah prayer. By following his example, Muslims can attain additional blessings and rewards.

It is important to note that if one arrives late to the Jummah prayer and the congregational prayer has already begun, it is recommended to join the congregation and then perform the four Sunnah Rakats after the Jummah prayer has concluded. However, it should be noted that the Sunnah Rakats are to be performed before the Friday sermon (Khutbah) begins.

Performing the recommended Sunnah Rakats bears great importance as it allows Muslims to gain additional spiritual rewards and strengthen their relationship with Allah. These voluntary prayers are a means to seek closeness with Allah and further enhance the overall experience of Jummah prayer.

In conclusion, while the Jummah prayer itself holds immense significance in Islam, the performance of Sunnah Rakats before the obligatory prayer brings additional blessings. Muslims are encouraged to perform four Sunnah Rakats before the Jummah prayer, following the Prophet Muhammad’s example. By incorporating the Sunnah Rakats into their Jummah prayer routine, individuals can further enrich their worship and connection with Allah.

VISpecial circumstances during Jummah prayer

In Islam, the Friday congregational prayer, known as Jummah prayer, holds great significance for Muslims around the world. However, there may be special circumstances that individuals might face which require certain considerations when performing this prayer. Two such situations include performing Jummah prayer while traveling and in non-Muslim minority areas.

A. Performing Jummah prayer while traveling

Traveling is a common occurrence in today’s fast-paced world, and for Muslim travelers, it is important to understand the guidelines for performing Jummah prayer while on the move. According to Islamic teachings, if a person is traveling and unable to attend the regular congregation, they are exempted from the obligation of Jummah prayer and can instead perform the Zuhr prayer, which is offered in four Rakats.

It is important for travelers to make this intention clear and perform the Zuhr prayer in the correct manner. The prayer should be performed in a suitable and clean place, facing the Qiblah (direction of the Kaaba in Mecca), and observing all the necessary pre-prayer preparations. It is also recommended to offer a supplication specifically for travelers during the prayer.

B. Jummah prayer in non-Muslim minority areas

In non-Muslim minority areas, where there might not be a designated mosque or a large congregation of Muslims, performing Jummah prayer can present challenges. In such situations, Muslims should strive to find a suitable location where they can gather and establish a smaller congregation for the Jummah prayer.

If it is not possible to gather a sufficient number of people for the required congregational prayer, individuals can still offer the Zuhr prayer individually and fulfill their obligation. However, it is always encouraged to make efforts to establish a sense of community and unity by organizing Jummah prayers whenever possible, even if it means a smaller congregation.

It is important to note that these guidelines are provided for special circumstances and should not be taken as a regular practice. Muslims are encouraged to participate in the Friday congregational prayer whenever it is convenient and feasible, as it not only fulfills a religious obligation but also strengthens the bonds of the community.

In conclusion, while performing Jummah prayer, individuals may encounter special circumstances such as traveling or residing in non-Muslim minority areas. In these situations, it is important to understand the guidelines and recommendations provided by Islamic teachings to ensure that the prayer is performed in the most appropriate manner. By understanding and accommodating these special circumstances, Muslims can continue to fulfill their religious obligations and maintain a strong connection with their faith even under challenging circumstances.

Women attending Jummah prayer

A. Can women attend Jummah prayer?

In Islam, Jummah prayer is compulsory for men and highly recommended for men. However, the participation of women in Jummah prayer has been a subject of debate among scholars. While some scholars believe that women are not obligated to attend Jummah prayer, others argue that it is permissible for them to do so.

B. Guidelines and recommendations for women’s prayer during Jummah

For women who choose to attend Jummah prayer, there are certain guidelines and recommendations to follow. Firstly, it is important for women to seek permission from their husbands or male guardians before attending the congregational prayer. This is to ensure that their absence from household duties or childcare responsibilities is not causing any inconvenience.

Secondly, women should dress modestly and adhere to the Islamic dress code when attending Jummah prayer. This includes wearing loose-fitting and non-revealing clothing that covers the body appropriately. Additionally, women are encouraged to wear a headscarf as a sign of respect and adherence to Islamic teachings.

Thirdly, women should maintain proper etiquette and behavior during the congregational prayer. They should arrive early to find a designated prayer area for women, separate from men, if available. It is also important for women to avoid disrupting the prayer by talking or making unnecessary movements.

Lastly, it is recommended for women to perform the pre-Khutbah Rakats and post-Khutbah Rakats at home if they are unable to attend the mosque. This ensures that they can still fulfill their religious obligations even if they are unable to physically be present at the congregational prayer.

It is important to note that while the participation of women in Jummah prayer may vary in different communities and cultural contexts, the intention behind attending should always be for the sake of worship and seeking closeness to Allah. Women should not be discouraged or feel marginalized if they choose to attend or not attend Jummah prayer, as each individual’s circumstances and responsibilities differ.

By providing guidelines and recommendations for women’s prayer during Jummah, it allows them to make informed choices and engage in worship in a manner that aligns with their beliefs and circumstances. It is crucial to promote inclusivity and understanding within the Muslim community, allowing both men and women to participate in the Friday congregational prayer in a way that best suits their individual needs.

Friday prayer during the COVID-19 pandemic

A. Adaptations and precautions for Jummah prayer

As the COVID-19 pandemic continues to affect communities worldwide, there have been necessary adaptations and precautions implemented to ensure the safety and well-being of individuals attending Jummah prayer. These measures prioritize the health of worshippers while still upholding the importance of congregational prayer.

Firstly, it is essential to follow the guidelines set by local health authorities and Islamic organizations. These guidelines may include limiting the number of attendees to allow for social distancing, requiring mask-wearing, and ensuring proper hand hygiene through the availability of hand sanitizers.

Mosques and Islamic centers have implemented measures such as arranging prayer areas to maintain physical distance between individuals, providing enhanced cleaning and sanitization protocols, and encouraging individuals who are unwell or at higher risk to stay home and participate in the prayer remotely.

Additionally, some mosques have implemented pre-registration or ticketing systems to manage the number of attendees and facilitate contact tracing if necessary. It is crucial for worshippers to familiarize themselves with these procedures before attending Jummah prayer.

B. Virtual Jummah prayer guidelines and recommendations

In response to the pandemic, many mosques and Islamic organizations have embraced technology to provide virtual Jummah prayer experiences. This allows individuals to participate in the prayer from the safety of their homes.

Virtual Jummah prayer typically involves the live streaming of the Khutbah (sermon) and congregational prayer. It is important to ensure a reliable internet connection to avoid disruptions during the prayer. Worshippers should also prepare a clean and quiet space for prayer, maintaining the same level of focus and sincerity as they would in a physical mosque.

To enhance the virtual experience, listeners can use headphones to eliminate distractions and feel more connected to the sermon. It is also recommended to stand up and actively participate in the prayer, following the movements of the imam.

While virtual Jummah prayer provides convenience during the pandemic, it is essential to recognize that it does not replace the value of physical congregational prayer. If circumstances allow and it is safe to do so, individuals should prioritize attending Jummah prayer at the mosque whenever possible.

By adapting to the challenges posed by the COVID-19 pandemic, Muslims have shown resilience and dedication to their faith. The adaptations and precautions implemented during this time ensure that the spirit of Jummah prayer can be upheld while safeguarding the health and well-being of the community. As the situation evolves, it is crucial to stay updated with the latest guidelines and recommendations provided by local authorities and Islamic organizations.

Common Misconceptions about the Number of Rakats in Jummah Prayer

A. Addressing common misunderstandings and misinformation

There are often misconceptions and misunderstandings surrounding the number of Rakats (units of prayer) in Jummah prayer, leading to confusion among Muslims. Addressing these misconceptions is vital to ensure that worshippers have accurate information regarding the performance of the Friday congregational prayer.

One common misconception is that Jummah prayer consists of four Rakats like the regular congregational prayer. However, this is incorrect. Jummah prayer is unique and has a specific structure that differs from the regular daily prayers.

Another misconception is that there are Rakats during the Khutbah (sermon) itself. Some individuals mistakenly believe that they need to perform Rakats while the Imam delivers the sermon. However, this belief is unfounded, as there are no Rakats to be performed during the Khutbah.

B. Clarifying the authentic practices and teachings

To clarify the authentic practices and teachings regarding the number of Rakats in Jummah prayer, it is crucial to refer to the guidance from the Quran and Sunnah (teachings of the Prophet Muhammad).

Jummah prayer consists of two Rakats only, unlike the regular daily prayers, which have varying numbers of Rakats based on the time of day. The two Rakats of Jummah prayer are performed after the Khutbah and congregation.

During the pre-Khutbah component, there are no Rakats to be performed. The congregants are required to listen attentively to the Khutbah delivered by the Imam.

After the Khutbah, the Imam leads the congregation in performing two Rakats. These Rakats follow the usual format of prayer, with the congregants following the Imam’s movements.

It is essential for Muslims to follow the authentic teachings of Jummah prayer and avoid succumbing to misconceptions. Seeking knowledge from reputable sources and consulting qualified scholars can help prevent the spread of misinformation and ensure the correct performance of Jummah prayer.

By clarifying these misconceptions, Muslims can confidently engage in the Friday congregational prayer, knowing that they are adhering to the authentic practices taught by Islam.

In conclusion, understanding the correct number of Rakats in Jummah prayer is crucial for Muslims. By addressing common misunderstandings and clarifying the authentic teachings, worshippers can perform Jummah prayer with confidence and adherence to Islamic principles. Let us strive to spread factual knowledge and encourage the proper observance of the Friday congregational prayer among Muslims worldwide.


A. Importance of understanding and performing Jummah prayer correctly

Understanding and performing Jummah prayer correctly is of utmost importance in Islam. Friday prayer holds great significance and is obligatory for all Muslim men who have reached puberty. It serves as a sacred gathering for the Muslim community to come together and worship Allah.

Jummah prayer allows believers to strengthen their bond as a community and seek forgiveness and blessings from Allah. It is an opportunity to reflect on the teachings of Islam, gain knowledge from the Khutbah (sermon), and engage in supplication and remembrance of Allah.

Performing Jummah prayer correctly also involves fulfilling the required number of Rakats and adhering to the specific guidelines and recommendations set by Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him).

B. Final thoughts and encouragement to engage in the Friday congregational prayer

As Muslims, it is essential to prioritize and embrace the practice of Jummah prayer. By attending the Friday congregational prayer, we not only fulfill our religious obligations but also strengthen our sense of community, learn valuable lessons, and receive countless blessings.

It is crucial to educate ourselves about the different components and Rakats of Jummah prayer. Understanding the purpose, rules, and recommended actions during each phase of the prayer will enable us to fully engage and benefit from this blessed gathering.

Let us remember that Jummah prayer is not just a ritualistic act but a profound spiritual experience. By coming together with a sincere heart, seeking forgiveness, and adhering to the teachings of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), we can attain a deep connection with our Creator and strengthen our faith.

In conclusion, Jummah prayer is an integral part of the Islamic faith, and performing it correctly is of utmost importance. By understanding the significance of Jummah prayer and engaging in it with sincerity and devotion, we can experience the immense rewards and blessings that come with fulfilling this obligation. May Allah grant us the guidance and ability to perform Jummah prayer with excellence and benefit from its spiritual and communal blessings.

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